Title 5 Pay

Pay Systems

General Schedule (GS)

The General Schedule (GS) classification and pay system covers the majority of civilian white-collar Federal employees in professional, technical, administrative, and clerical positions.

Senior, Executive & Scientific (SES)

The employment system that applies to any positions that are classified above GS-15 and involve executive management and high policy-making responsibilities. Pay plans include Senior Executive Service (ES), Executive Schedule (EX), Senior-Level (SL), and Scientific or Professional (ST).

Setting Pay

Locality Pay

All GS employees receive a supplemental adjustment tied to local labor markets and defined by metropolitan statistical area.  Locality pay rates are considered the employee’s rate of basic pay.

Title 5 Special Rates

The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) has established higher rates of basic pay for groups of positions to address existing or likely significant handicaps in recruiting or retaining well-qualified employees.

Highest Previous Rate/Maximum Payable Rate Rule

Within-Grade Increases (WGIs)

Within-grade increases (WGIs) or step increases are periodic increases in a GS employee's rate of basic pay from one step of the grade of his or her position to the next higher step of that grade. Employees must meet specific requirements to be eligible and recipients are determined by management.

Additional Compensation Flexibilities