Title 5 Pay

Pay Systems

General Schedule (GS)

The General Schedule (GS) classification and pay system covers the majority of civilian Federal employees in professional, technical, administrative, and clerical positions.

Summary Information

Pay Tables

Senior, Executive & Scientific (SES)

The employment system that applies to any positions that are classified above GS-15 and involve executive management and high policy-making responsibilities. Pay plans include Senior Executive Service (ES), Executive Schedule (EX), Senior-Level (SL), and Scientific or Professional (ST).

Summary Information

Pay Tables

Setting Pay

Locality Pay

All GS employees receive a supplemental adjustment tied to local labor markets and defined by metropolitan statistical area.  Locality pay rates are considered the employee’s rate of basic pay.

Laws and Regulations

OPM Guidance

Title 5 Special Rates

The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) has established higher rates of basic pay for groups of positions to address existing or likely significant handicaps in recruiting or retaining well-qualified employees.

Laws and Regulations

OPM Guidance

NIH Guidance

Highest Previous Rate/Maximum Payable Rate Rule

The maximum payable rate rule is a special rule that allows an agency to set pay for a GS employee at a rate above the rate that would be established using normal rules, based on a higher rate of pay the employee previously received in another Federal job.

Laws, Regulations, and HHS Instruction

OPM Guidance

NIH Guidance

Examples

Within-Grade Increases (WGIs)

Within-grade increases (WGIs) or step increases are periodic increases in a GS employee's rate of basic pay from one step of the grade of his or her position to the next higher step of that grade. Employees must meet specific requirements to be eligible and recipients are determined by management.

Laws, Regulations, and HHS Instruction

OPM Guidance

OPM Guidance

Additional Compensation Flexibilities